Center For Indigenous Psychology (Pusat Pengembangan Psikologi Islam) diasuh oleh: Prof. DR Achmad Mubarok MA, Guru Besar Psikologi Islam UI, UIN Jakarta, UIA

Sunday, January 27, 2008

Cinta Menurut Al Qur’an
at 8:38 PM 
Menurut al Qur’an, manusia diciptakan Alloh SWT berpasangan lelaki - perempuan dan kepada mereka dianugerahi perasaan cinta dan kasih sayang, dan sudah menjadi fitrahnya bahwa manusia ingin mencintai dan dicintai. Tercapainya kebutuhan cinta itu, jika ditunaikan secara benar maka hal itu akan membuat manusia merasa tenteram , tenang dan bahagia, sebaliknya cinta tidak mengikuti prosedur akan mengantar pada penderitaan.

Dalam al Qur’an perasaan cinta antar laki perempuan disebut dengan term mawaddah, rahmah, (Q/30:31) syaghafa,(Q/12:30) mail (Q/4:129), dan hubb-mahabbah (Q/12:30). Term yang berbeda-beda itu menunjuk pada rumit, mendalam dan ragamnya cinta. Cinta memang memiliki dimensi yang sangat luas dan mendalam dimana perbedaan karakteristik itu akan membawa implikasi pada perbedaan tingkah laku.

Cinta itu sendiri diungkap dalam bahasa Arab dengan tiga kelompok karakteristik, yaitu (1) apresiatip (ta`dzim), (2) penuh perhatian (ihtimaman) dan (3) cinta (mahabbah). Yang pertama, orang yang dicintai itu menempati kedudukan harimau atau pedang, (yang ditakuti dan dikagumi), yang kedua seperti bencana (yang harus diwaspadai) dan ketiga seperti minuman keras (yang membuat ketagihan).

Tiga kelompok karakteristik itu terkumpul dalam ungkapan mahabbah, orangnya disebut habib, habibah atau mahbub. Secara lebih spesifik, bahasa Arab menyebut dengan enam puluh istilah jenis cinta, seperti `isyqun (dalam bahasa Indonesia menjadi asyik), hilm, gharam (asmara), wajd, syauq, lahf dan sebagainya, tetapi Al Qur’an hanya menyebut enam term saja
posted by : Mubarok institute

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