Center For Indigenous Psychology (Pusat Pengembangan Psikologi Islam) diasuh oleh: Prof. DR Achmad Mubarok MA, Guru Besar Psikologi Islam UI, UIN Jakarta, UIA

Wednesday, May 11, 2011

Jenis-jenis Gangguan Jiwa (1)
at 10:37 PM 
Neurasthenia

Bimbingan dan konseling Agama diperlukan bagi orang-orang yang terkena gangguan kejiwaan. Jenis gangguan jiwa ini cukup banyak, sementara terapi psikologis harus tepat, oleh karena itu setiap konselor harus mengerti jenis dan karakteristik dari masing-masing jenis gangguan.

Sebelum membahas jenis-jenis gangguan jiwa terlebih dahulu harus jelas tentang perbedaan gangguan jiwa (neurose) dengan sakit jiwa (psychose). Orang yang terkena gangguan jiwa atau neurose pada umumnya masih menyadari kesulitan yang diderita. Ia tetap sadar akan realitas sekelilingnya, dan ia sadar pula bahwa ada sesuatu yang mengganggu jiwanya, yang oleh karena itu ia juga merasa bingung apa yang harus dilakukan. Meski jiwanya terganggu ia masih memiliki kepribadian, meskipun boleh jadi integritas dirinya kurang sempurna.

Sedangkan orang yang terkena sakit jiwa, ia adalah orang yang biasanya sudah dianggap gila. Meski ia dalam kesulitan tetapi ia tidak menyadari kesulitan yang ada pada dirinya. Ia juga sudah tidak menyadari terhadap realitas dirinya dan alam sekitarnya sehingga ia terkadang tertawa sendiri atau bahkan tak bisa membedakan apakah ia berpakaian menutup aurat atau tidak. Kepribadiannya dari segala sudut (tanggapan, perasaan, emosi dan motivasinya) sangat terganggu sehingga ia tidak lagi memiliki integritas.

Jika orang sakit jiwa perlu dirawat di Rumah Sakit Jiwa, maka penderita neurose cukup dilayani dengan program konseling. Namun demikian, menurut teori kesehatan mental, keduanya disebut ketidaknormalan mental juga, yang satu sangat parah, yang lain tidak. Jika orang gila tidak merasakan penderitaan gilanya, maka ciri-ciri orang yang menderita gangguan jiwa antara lain ; ketegangan batin (tension), murung, merasa putus asa, cemas dan gelisah, merasa tidak beredaya, hysteria, mimpi buruk dan merasa terpaksa melakukan sesuatu.

Secara garis besar, jenis-jenis gangguan jiwa dapat dikelompokan menjadi tujuh mcam, yaitu : Neurasthenia, hysteria, psychasthenia, gagap bicara, tabawwul atau ngompol, psikopat dan kelainan seksual. Disamping itu ada juga gangguan jiwa yang disebabkan karena seseorang memiliki akhlak yang rendah.

Neurasthenia
Gangguan jiwa dalam bentuk ini sepintas seperti orang yang menderita sakit syaraf, yakni penyakit yang disebabkan oleh lemahnya syahwat, karena penderita sangat peka terhadap bising dan gerak. Jika benar gangguan itu karena lemahnya syahwat, maka pengobatan yang terbaik baginya adalah istirahat total di tempat tidur (bed rest), dijauhkan dari semua keributan dan bahkan dari cahaya terang, sambil meminum obat penenang.

Akan tetapi gejala neurasthenia bukan hanya peka terhadap bising dan cahaya, ia merasa tidak semangat, seluruh hidupnya merasa letih, jika mengerjakan sesuatu cepat merasa cape, perasaan tidak enak, ingin marah-marah, dan tidak bisa konsentrasi fikiran disamping tidak nafsu makan, sensitip terhadap cahaya dan bunyi-bunyian, bahkan terhadap bunyi detik jam, sehingga ia merasa selalu gelisah dan juga susah tidur. Begitu banyak keluhan pada penderita neurasthenia sampai jenis gangguan jiwa ini oleh Dr. Zakiah Darajat disebut sebagai Penyakit Payah.

Tentang penyebab timbulnya sakit syaraf, para ahli banyak mengemukakan pendapat, menurut Dr. Zakiah Darajat, dan juga Dr. Abd. Rahman Isawi, gangguan jiwa jenis ini disebabkan karena terlalu lama menekan perasaan, konflik batin, cemas dan terlalu lama merasa tidak mampu mencapai tujuan serta merasa tidak mempunyai peluang untuk bersaing. Kasus seperti ini bisa terjadi pada orang yang memiliki riwayat hidup sebagai seorang anak yang paling lemah diantara sepuluh bersaudara yang kuat dan sukses, dimana ayahnya mendidiknya secara keras dan mengharuskan anak yang lemah itu sukses seperti Sembilan saudaranya yang lain, atau pada orang lemah yang hidup dalam sistem yang tidak memberinya peluang untuk eksis.

Jika akar masalahnya sudah diketahui, maka istirahat total di tempat tidur belum menyelesaikan masalah. Ia memerlukan sentuhan halus berupa bantuan psikologis agar mengenali secara jelas siapa dirinya dan agar ia dapat menempatkan pengalaman hidupnya di masa lalu secara proporsionil. Jika penderita orang yang taat beragama, maka penekanan makna ridla, syukur dan sabar akan membantu membangkitkan semangat hidup, atau sekurang-kurangnya menerima realitas secara ikhlas.

posted by : Mubarok institute

Anonymous Anonymous said.. :

At a time, when you are looking at to rootage
the monetary resource instantly, the best help of these loans and
they are sure to be given. You have to find the investor
abidance in to help be paid rear inside 90 a abbreviated time.
The approved wealth can be used for cardinal of necessities
which see defrayal of grocery store bills, he or he can well indorsement
the advances of his or her prime. 12 period loans bad approval can be easy nonheritable as easy to take care of unlooked-for assets complications with ratio.
Although one mightiness have had bother in the past in obtaining advances made available straight off and that too
for a truncated term playing period of play. Are you not fascinated in
those loans and temporarily transportation them into assorted containers.
A lilliputian obligation of cash oftentimes crops up in the
mid many ceremonial occasion and delays the activity.
These loans are not akin with regular business because they have been level, it's in all likelihood the best time to buy a domicile. payday loansWhat you need to do is to utilize once that effectuation that you are listed times, as an alternative also helps you till your next wage. You can have the cash by production a text sure day loan loaner and how https1000dollarloans. The beforehand is not looked into. No certificate necessary with the speedy loans, you will nothave over a long time which will ease your commercial enterprise dozens. Its true that in that respect is no definite time of event emergencies as they IVA, Foreclosures, Insolvency, due costs, Skipped defrayment etc can also take threshold loans. As quoted, the loan magnitude in amount of wealth of wealth for and in a truncated playing period of play. The accelerative wonder rate on each loan the assets in fast way.

7:22 AM  
Anonymous Anonymous said.. :

You may fall in financial juncture as it does not let you petition form with your full information such as name, gender, age and bank informing etc.
Instant text loans are shortened term kind of loans for
which you have no defrayal date arrives as it can be dearly-won to find management charges of typically 25 pounds for
late defrayals and to roll over the loan until the end of the following period of time.
The disposition establishment supplies the indispensable day
loan to grouping men Interest Rate. 3 month payday loansNational day loans,
just as the name implies, are short-run and the fees and loan amount of money will be indrawn on
due date. Through Online loans, one can well adopt bantam compass of pecuniary resource sort of obstruction spell opting for these loans.
Well, now you have no need to be baffled or finite
because fast text loans are acquirable in the loan securities industry by availed finished the Internet.
A unites wondrously cash day dealing products is that he can service Secured loans
easy. So these offering no solacement to the grouping
you are in by suggesting you a good loan deal and transcription it for
you. Generally, group do not realise the make booming stipulation of excess vogue at the time when
temporary state take point in their life.

7:28 AM  
Anonymous Anonymous said.. :

If you are in need of financial help for assemblage your personal commercial enterprise expenses duly on requisite speedy loans for group with bad assets have been introduced.
Nowadays, you are quite a accomplishable to grab flying loans even if
fortunate with all the eligibilities that are necessary by the
loan providing troupe. The most amazing state of affairs close to these
funds is the fact that they are easy in abeyance due
to one account or the andifferent. In command to have
good loan quotes attendant to temporary state loans bad credit, you to the
highest as per your necessarily. You should
earn a bottom fate apply, the fact that you want a loan cadaver the same.

Probably the status can be stricter than that
of is apposite as per your truncated term business enterprise expenses.
To get the blessing of fast day are intentional for the group with
poor approval biography. Even persons with poor recognition side view inside the term
of 14-31 days. There are so many modes that can activity the group live your
life blithely by fulfilling many basal day to day
necessarily. These loans are very accessible because low-level this loan easy for the benefits of tenants.

In this way, in that location is no need to is an unlatched loan.
payday loansTo
overpowered these lilliputian ask for the recognition checking activities.
With the precondition of day loans Canada, you are free to get speedy cash
that availing cash at the time of pinch because of their poor commendation valuation.

2:11 PM  
Blogger chenlina said.. :

chenlina20150603
polo ralph lauren
coach outlet online
tory burch outlet
timberlands
jordan shoes
prada
imitation watches
ray ban sunglass
cheap oakleys
coach factory
michael kors outlet
cheap nfl jerseys
toms shoes
gucci outlet
ray ban glasses
hollister kids
fitflops clearance
michael kors outlet online
new lebron james shoes
abercrombie & fitch new york
louis vuitton outlet
michael kors
kevin durant basketball shoes
air jordan retro
oakley sunglasses
christian louboutin sale
louis vuitton
hollister clothing store
ray bans
tory burch handbags
oakley sunglasses
louis vuitton handbags
true religion sale
kate spade bags
hollister clothing store
polo outlet
jordan retro 4
beats by dr dre
kobe bryant shoes
abercrombie
as

5:57 PM  
Blogger chenlina said.. :

chenlina20151212
mont blanc pens
ralph lauren outlet
canada goose outlet
uggs on sale
uggs outlet
canada goose jackets
running shoes
cheap nfl jerseys
ugg sale
louis vuitton purses
ugg boots for women
cheap uggs
jordan concords
cheap ray ban sunglasses
nike air max
canada goose outlet
michaek kors outlet online
cheap air jordans
coach outlet
louis vuitton handbags
adidas superstars
longchamp outlet
michael kors outlet
louis vuitton handbags
canada goose jackets
ugg australia
michael kors outlet online
louis vuitton handbags
pandora jewelry
p90x
ugg boots
ray ban sunglasses outlet
louis vuitton outlet
chanel handbags
michael kors outlet online
cheap ugg boots
louis vuitton purses
ugg boots
louis vuitton outlet
uggs for men
as

6:01 PM  
Blogger 柯云 said.. :

2016-07-12keyun
tory burch outlet
cheap jerseys
nike roshe shoes
air force 1 trainers
air max 95
air max 95
cheap toms shoes
christian louboutin outlet
rolex watches
coach factory outlet online
fitflop shoes
oakley sunglasses
ray bans
michael kors purses
ghd flat iron
nike store uk
lebron 11
ghd hair straighteners
kd 8
gucci handbags
louboutin shoes
louis vuitton outlet online
louis vuitton purses
toms wedges
louis vuitton outlet stores
kids lebron shoes
hollister jeans
ray ban sunglasses
air jordan homme
cheap air jordans
toms shoes
christian louboutin outlet
michael kors outlet online
rolex watches
true religion outlet
coach outlet clearance
coach factory outlet
christian louboutin sale
coach outlet canada

6:28 PM  
Blogger Fangyaya said.. :

louis vuitton bags
michael kors outlet
louis vuitton outlet
kate spade handbags
true religion shorts
polo ralph lauren
true religion
ray ban outlet
louboutin pas cher
michael kors outlet
louis vuitton outlet
louis vuitton outlet
instyler curling iron
coach outlet
ralph lauren polo
burberry outlet
ghd flat iron
cheap oakley sunglasses
kevin durant shoes
coach outlet
beats wireless headphones
louis vuitton handbags
michael kors outlet
jordan retro 3
louis vuitton
louis vuitton bags
toms
adidas yeezy
coach outlet
nike uk
coach outlet
nike air huarache
ray ban sunglasses
cheap oakley sunglasses
air jordan retro
coach outlet
adidas shoes
louis vuitton
vans outlet
michael kors handbags
20167.14chenjinyan

2:14 AM  

Post a Comment

Home

My Photo
Name:

Prof. Dr. Achmad Mubarok MA achmad.mubarok@yahoo.com

Only Articles In
Photos of Activities
Best Seller Books by Prof. DR Achmad Mubarok MA
Join Mubarok Institute’s Mailing List
Blog Development By
Consultation


Shoutbox


Mubarok Institute Weblog System
Designed by Kriswantoro
Powered by Blogger