Center For Indigenous Psychology (Pusat Pengembangan Psikologi Islam) diasuh oleh: Prof. DR Achmad Mubarok MA, Guru Besar Psikologi Islam UI, UIN Jakarta, UIA

Thursday, October 14, 2010

Manusia menurut Teori Behaviorisme
at 7:39 PM 
Jika Psikoanalisa memfokuskan perhatiannya pada totalitas kepribadian, yakni apa yang ada di balik tingkah laku manusia (yang tidak nampak), maka teori psikologi behaviorurisme memfokuskan perhatiannya pada perilaku yang nampak saja, yakni perilaku yang dapat diukur, diramal, dan dilukiskan. Jadi, nampak sekali bahwa behaviourisme merupakan reaksi terhadap teori psikoanalisa.

Manusia, oleh teori behaviorurisme disebut sebagai Homo Mechanicus, artinya manusia mesin.Mesin adalah suatu benda yang bekerja tanpa ada motif dibelakangnya.Mesin berjalan tidak karena adanya dorongan alam baawah sadar tertentu, ia berjalan semata-mata karena lingkungan sistemnya. Jika mobil kehabisan bensin pasti tidak hidup, jika businya kotor juga mesin mati, jika unsur-unsur lingkungannya lengkap pasti berjalan lancer. Tingkah laku mesin dapat diukur, diramal, dan dilukiskan. Manusia, menurut teori behaviorurisme juga demikian. Selain instink, seluruh tingkah lakunya merupakan hasil belajar. Belajar ialah perubahan perilaku organisme sebagai pengaruh lingkungan. Orang batak yang hidupnya di pinggir pantai laut bicaranya selalu keras, karena lingkungan menuntut keras, yakni bersaing dengan suara ombak, sedangkan orang jawa yang hidupnya di perkampungan yang lenggang, bicaranya seperti bisik-bisik, karena lingkungan tidak menuntut suara keras, bisik-bisik pun terdengar.

Behaviorurisme tidak mempersoalkan apakah manusia itu baik atau jelek, rasionil atau emosionil. Behaviorurisme hanya ingin mengetahui bagaimana perilaku manusia dikendalikan oleh lingkungan. Manusia dalam pandangan teori behaviorisme makhluk yang sangat elastis, yang perilakunya sangat dipengaruhi oleh pengalamannya. Manusia menurut teori ini dapat dibentuk dengan menciptakan lingkungan yang relevan. Seorang anak misalnya dapat dibentuk perilakunya menjadi seoarang penakut jika secara sistematis ia ditakut-takuti. Demikian juga manusia dapat dibentuk menjadi pemberani, disiplin, cerdas, dungu dan sebagainya dengan menciptakan lingkungan yang relevan.

Dalam teori ini manusia dipandang sangat rapuh tak berdaya menghadapi lingkungan. Ia dibentuk begitu saja oleh lingkungan tanpa mampu melakukan perlawanan. Aristoteles, yang dianggap sebagai cikal bakal teori behaviorurisme memperkenalkan teori tabula rasa, yakni bahwa manusia itu tak ubahnya meja lilin yang siap dilukis dengan tulisan apa saja. Jika kita berpegang pada teori ini maka kita dapat mengatakan bahwa mahasiswa dapat dibentuk menjadi apa saja (penurut, pemberontak, dan sebagainya) oleh dosennya atau Universitasnya, dan untuk itu kurikulum serta alat alat stimulasi bisa dirancang.

Sudah barang tentu teori ini banyak juga yang mengkritik karena teori ini tidak dapat menjawab fenomena perilaku yang hanya bisa diuraikan dengan motif, misalnya bagaimana seorang raja muda yang justru meninggalkan tahtanya untuk hidup bersufi-sufi, (Sidharta Ghautama, atau Ibrahim bin Adham), atau para pendaki gunung yang mempertaruhkan nyawanya, atau para pejuang yang melakukan serangan kamikaze (bunuh diri) dengan meledakan dirinya bersama bom yang dibawanya.
posted by : Mubarok institute

Anonymous Anonymous said.. :

xanax online buy xanax mastercard - drug interactions with xanax and adderall

6:06 AM  
Anonymous Anonymous said.. :

buy tramadol online how easy to overdose on tramadol - order tramadol online usa

9:51 AM  
Anonymous Anonymous said.. :

buy tramadol cheap online what is ultram tramadol used for - tramadol hcl mode of action

11:29 PM  
Anonymous Anonymous said.. :

generic xanax xanax effects on animals - buy xanax los angeles

11:29 PM  
Anonymous Anonymous said.. :

buy tramadol online tramadol 50 mg buy usa - tramadol dosage directions

1:49 AM  
Anonymous Anonymous said.. :

xanax online xanax pills sleep - up your xanax dosage

11:11 AM  
Anonymous Anonymous said.. :

is it illegal to buy xanax online buy xanax online forum - xanax withdrawal vs valium withdrawal

1:42 PM  
Anonymous Anonymous said.. :

generic tramadol online tramadol hcl side effects - tramadol hcl generic ultram

2:32 PM  
Anonymous Anonymous said.. :

buy tramadol cod online tramadol for dogs usa - buy tramadol online echeck

4:39 AM  
Anonymous Anonymous said.. :

xanax online lortab xanax drug interactions - white round pill generic xanax

8:48 AM  
Anonymous Anonymous said.. :

buy tramadol online tramadol urban dictionary - tramadol for sale online no prescription

11:07 AM  
Anonymous Anonymous said.. :

generic xanax what does a 2mg xanax pill look like - xanax overdose painless

11:31 AM  
Anonymous Anonymous said.. :

carisoprodol 350 mg carisoprodol 350 mg overdose - carisoprodol 350 mg no prescription

7:52 PM  
Anonymous Anonymous said.. :

xanax online difference between generic xanax - what's xanax high feel like

10:10 PM  
Anonymous Anonymous said.. :

carisoprodol 350 mg side effects of carisoprodol soma - carisoprodol soma opiate

2:48 AM  
Anonymous Anonymous said.. :

xanax 2mg order generic xanax online - xanax 2mg photos

12:06 PM  
Anonymous Anonymous said.. :

buy alprazolam online no prescription overdose on xanax amount - 0.5 xanax and alcohol

2:39 PM  
Anonymous Anonymous said.. :

buy tramadol overnight cod tramadol dosage osteosarcoma - good site buy tramadol

4:22 PM  
Anonymous Anonymous said.. :

xanax online generic xanax prices - side effects of 1mg xanax

9:47 AM  
Anonymous Anonymous said.. :

generic xanax xanax pre employment drug screen - buy xanax online mastercard

12:31 PM  
Anonymous Anonymous said.. :

carisoprodol 350 mg what is soma carisoprodol tablets 350mg - carisoprodol good high

6:42 PM  
Anonymous Anonymous said.. :

buy tramadol cod next day delivery tramadol for dogs how often - tramadol for dogs 25mg

11:06 AM  
Anonymous Anonymous said.. :

buy tramadol online tramadol addiction treatment - tramadol 50mg capsules side effects

3:13 PM  
Anonymous Anonymous said.. :

buy tramadol online tramadol hcl 50 mg used - tramadol overdose emedicine

8:04 AM  
Anonymous Anonymous said.. :

cialis online want order cialis - generic cialis goedkoop

12:44 PM  
Anonymous Anonymous said.. :

xanax online order xanax online no prescription canada - xanax fluoxetine drug interactions

1:38 AM  
Anonymous Anonymous said.. :

alprazolam medication alprazolam 1mg side effects - how to pass a drug test with xanax in your system

9:48 AM  
Anonymous Anonymous said.. :

buy cialis professional купить cialis риге - cheap cialis melbourne

11:37 AM  
Anonymous Anonymous said.. :

cialis online buy cialis in ireland - cialis 20 mg buy online us

9:46 PM  
Anonymous Anonymous said.. :

cialis online buy cialis online overnight shipping - cialis online order usa

7:13 AM  
Anonymous Anonymous said.. :

cialis online buy viagra cialis online usa - cialis online in u.k

1:40 AM  
Anonymous Anonymous said.. :

buy tramadol online tramadol addiction therapy - can you really buy tramadol online

9:45 PM  
Anonymous Anonymous said.. :

http://landvoicelearning.com/#44827 buy tramadol overnight saturday delivery - tramadol 100 mg recreational

12:56 AM  
Anonymous Anonymous said.. :

tramadol online no prescription tramadol apap 37.5mg dosage - tramadol 100 mg sandoz

1:50 PM  
Anonymous Anonymous said.. :

learn how to buy tramdadol buy cheap tramadol cod - tramadol and tylenol

11:17 AM  
Anonymous Anonymous said.. :

learn how to buy tramdadol tramadol 50 mg weight loss - tramadol hydrochloride sr 100mg

1:46 AM  
Anonymous Anonymous said.. :

learn how to buy tramdadol can buy tramadol usa - tramadol for dogs how long to take effect

10:05 AM  
Anonymous Anonymous said.. :

http://buytramadolonlinecool.com/#73892 tramadol addiction blue light - tramadol dosage for fibromyalgia

5:06 PM  
Anonymous Anonymous said.. :

buy tramadol online tramadol hcl msds - tramadol 50mg what does it look like

11:50 PM  
Anonymous Anonymous said.. :

http://blog.dawn.com/dblog/buy/#41639 tramadol for dogs best price - ultram/tramadol hcl 50mg

12:13 AM  
Anonymous Anonymous said.. :

learn how to buy tramdadol tramadol for dogs cost - buy tramadol online 100mg

2:30 PM  
Anonymous Anonymous said.. :

http://buytramadolonlinecool.com/#30807 buy tramadol overnight - tramadol 50 mg usa

12:49 PM  
Anonymous Anonymous said.. :

buy ativan online ativan good high blood pressure - ativan dosage before surgery

2:53 PM  
Anonymous Anonymous said.. :

buy xanax online cheap does xanax show up same klonopin drug test - xanax bars 5mg

1:01 PM  
Anonymous Anonymous said.. :

oZzy moved away some time ago, I miss his cock, that i'm always hungry for intercourse.
FUCK MY PUSSY!

Feel free to surf to my blog :: hcg injections

1:07 PM  
Anonymous Anonymous said.. :

buy tramadol online generic of tramadol - help buy tramadol

1:00 PM  
Anonymous Anonymous said.. :

I hardly drop reѕponses, howеveг I browsеԁ a fеw of the гesponses οn thіs рagе "Manusia menurut Teori Behaviorisme".

I do have а couplе of questionѕ
foг you if іt's okay. Could it be simply me or do some of these remarks look as if they are left by brain dead people? :-P And, if you are writing at other social sites, I would like to keep up with you. Would you list of every one of your public pages like your Facebook page, twitter feed, or linkedin profile?

my blog Visit Original Source Link

5:07 PM  
Anonymous Anonymous said.. :

I’m not that muсh of a internеt reader to be honest but your blogs reallу nice,
keep it up! I'll go ahead and bookmark your site to come back later on. Cheers

Visit my webpage ... dwayne johnson steroids

4:31 AM  
Anonymous Anonymous said.. :

http://staam.org/#36750 tramadol effects - tramadol 50 mg buy usa

6:50 AM  
Anonymous Anonymous said.. :

buy xanax online xanax generic vs - xanax bars for sale in mexico

5:14 AM  
Anonymous Anonymous said.. :

buy tramadol online ultram er tramadol hcl - buy tramadol online in australia

7:42 AM  
Anonymous Anonymous said.. :

http://ranchodelastortugas.com/#51462 xanax bars green s 90 3 - xanax withdrawal time

7:11 PM  
Anonymous Anonymous said.. :

http://ranchodelastortugas.com/#82165 fight club quotes xanax - generic for xanax side effects

4:05 AM  
Anonymous Anonymous said.. :

buy xanax bars buy xanax online without prescriptions - xanax online overnight

11:24 PM  
Anonymous Anonymous said.. :

xanax no rx buy alprazolam cheap no prescription - xanax high first time

1:38 PM  
Anonymous Anonymous said.. :

http://bayshorechryslerjeep.com/#2mg best place buy xanax online - many pills xanax overdose

3:54 AM  
Blogger dong dong23 said.. :

hollister clothing store
jordan 8s
christian louboutin outlet
kate spade outlet
toms shoes
louis vuitton outlet
christian louboutin
michael kors outlet online
true religion shorts
kevin durant shoes
coach outlet online
kate spade
toms
coach outlet
pandora jewelry
toms shoes
longchamp outlet
coach outlet
jordans
christian louboutin outlet
north face outlet
longchamp bags
michael kors outlet clearance
polo ralph shirts
louis vuitton
gucci outlet
ray ban sunglasses outlet
coach outlet
tory burch outlet
jordan 3 infrared
gucci handbags
jordan 13
coach outlet store online clearances
true religion
ralph lauren polo
louis vuitton outlet stores
nike free run
louis vuitton bags
coach factory outlet
hollister clothing
20165.14wengdongdong

7:52 PM  
Blogger Zheng junxai5 said.. :

zhengjx20160530
replica rolex watches
tods outlet store
michael kors outlet
asics shoes for men
michael kors handbags
ray ban sunglasses uk
louis vuitton outlet stores
nike air max 90
ghd hair straighteners
michael kors outlet
louis vuitton purses
longchamp le pliage
true religion jeans
montblanc pens
red bottom shoes
louis vuitton
coach factory outlet
michael kors handbags
beats by dre outlet
cheap air jordans
cheap jordans
air max 95
kate spade outlet
cheap ray ban sunglasses
air jordan 4
gucci handbags
coach outlet online
coach factory outlet online
kate spade
louis vuitton handbags
michael kors handbags
coach factory outlet online
air jordan homme
jordan 11
supra for sale
oakley vault
kobe 8
adidas stan smith
insanity workout
louis vuitton outlet

11:35 PM  
Blogger Zheng junxai5 said.. :

zhengjx20160701
louis vuitton handbags
lebron 12
tods outlet store
celine outlet
air jordan femme
christian louboutin shoes
toms shoes outlet online
michael kors canada outlet
toms outlet
cheap oakleys
tiffany and co
louis vuitton outlet
ray ban sunglasses
ray ban sunglasses outlet
coach factory outlet
nike store
nike blazers uk
coach factory outlet
louis vuitton outlet stores
coach outlet store online
louis vuitton bags
christian louboutin shoes
longchamp handbags
michael kors outlet
giuseppe zanotti outlet
michael kors handbags
cheap ray ban sunglasses
louboutin shoes
nike roshe run
louis vuitton bags
true religion jeans
asics running shoes
gucci outlet
celine bags
coach factory outlet online
basketball shoes
cheap jordans
coach outlet online
ralph lauren
louis vuitton outlet stores

2:13 AM  
Blogger Fangyaya said.. :

louis vuitton bags
polo ralph lauren outlet
nike nfl jerseys
christian louboutin shoes
michael kors canada outlet
louis vuitton outlet
beats headphones
lebron james shoes
louis vuitton handbags
nfl jerseys wholesale
michael kors outlet online
jordan shoes
louis vuitton
true religion jeans
replica watches
ed hardy clothing
coach outlet online
fake watches
fitflops
coach outlet store online clearances
adidas nmd
kobe 11
toms shoes
nike factory outlet
burberry outlet online
louis vuitton outlet stores
fitflops sale clearance
oakley sunglasses
louis vuitton handbags
louis vuitton
air max 90
nike air max
jordan 8
toms shoes
jordan 11s
jordans for sale
gucci bags
lebron 12
polo ralph shirts
toms shoes
20167.14chenjinyan

2:35 AM  

Post a Comment

Home

My Photo
Name:

Prof. Dr. Achmad Mubarok MA achmad.mubarok@yahoo.com

Only Articles In
Photos of Activities
Best Seller Books by Prof. DR Achmad Mubarok MA
Join Mubarok Institute’s Mailing List
Blog Development By
Consultation


Shoutbox


Mubarok Institute Weblog System
Designed by Kriswantoro
Powered by Blogger