Center For Indigenous Psychology (Pusat Pengembangan Psikologi Islam) diasuh oleh: Prof. DR Achmad Mubarok MA, Guru Besar Psikologi Islam UI, UIN Jakarta, UIA

Monday, October 25, 2010

AKAL DAN MOTIVASI PERILAKU
at 8:05 PM 
Akal

Akal berasal dari bahasa Arab aqala artinya adalah mengingat atau menahan, tetapi secara umum akal itu dipahami sebagai potensi yang disiapkan untuk menerima ilmu pengetahuan (al-quwwah al-mubayyi’ah liqobul al-‘ilmu). Dalam psikologi modern, akal dipahami sebagai kecakapan memecahkan masalah (problem solving capacity).

Dalam al-Qu’an, kata aqal (berbeda dengan qalb) tidak pernah disebut dalam bentuk kata benda atau isim,tetapi selalu dalam bentuk fi’il atau kata kerja, yaitu 1 ayat berbunyi ‘aqaluhu, 24 ayat ta’qiluna, 1 ayat na’qilu, 1 ayat ya’qiluna dan 22 ayat berbunyi ya’qiluna.

Dari 49 ayat tersebut, kata aqal mengandung pengertian : mengerti, memahami dan berpikir. Tetapi pengertian berpikir juga diungkapkan dalam al-Qur’an dengan kata lain, seperti :
1. Nazara,( ingat makna nalar atau penalaran), yang artinya melihat secara abstrak (QS. 50 : 6-7; (QS. 86 : 5-7; QS. 88 : 17-20).
2. Tadabbara atau tadabbur, yang artinya merenungkan (QS. 38 : 29; QS. 47 : 24).
3. Tafakkara atau tafakkur, yang artinya berpikir (QS. 16 : 68-69; QS. 45 : 12-13).
4. Faqiha atau fiqh atau tafaqquh, yang artinya mengerti (QS. 17 : 44; QS. 16 : 97-98; QS. 9 : 12).
5. Tazakkara, yang artinya mengingat, memperoleh pengertian, mendapatkan pelajaran, memperhatikan dan mempelajari (QS. 16 : 17; QS. 39 : 9; QS. 51 : 47-49).
6. Fahima, yang artinya memahami (QS. 21 : 78-79).
Selain itu, al-Qur’an juga menyebut orang yang berpikir dengan istilah lain ; seperti ulu al-‘ilmi, ulul al-albab, ulu al-abshar dan ulu an-nuha. (QS. 2 : 179-197; QS. 20 : 54; QS. 24 : 44).
Meski banyak istilah dalam al-qur’an, tetapi kata ‘aqala mengandung arti yang pasti yaitu mengerti, memahami, dan berpikir. Hanya saja al-Qur’an tidak menerangkan bagaimana proses berpikir seperti yang dibahas dalam psikologi. Al-Qur’an juga tidak menerangkan mana yang merupakan daya pikir dan mana yang alat pikir, tidak juga menerangkan apakah pusat kegiatan berpikir itu di kepala atau di dalam dada, tetapi menyebut bahwa qalb yang di dada juga berpikir (yafqahu) seperti akal (QS. 7 : 179; QS. 9 : 93 dan QS. 47 : 24).

Motivasi Perilaku

Teori Psikoanalisa Freud menyebutkan bahwa manusia memiliki Id yang menjadi pusat lahirnya dorongan-dorongan nafsu atau libido, yang menjadi motif dari tingkah laku manusia. Nampaknya al-Qur’an juga membahas semacam motif perilaku, yaitu apa yang disebut dengan syahwat. Tetapi berbeda dengan teori psikoanalisa yang menempatkan manusia sebagai makhluk yang “rendah”, yang tunduk kepada keinginan bawah sadarnya, atau teori behaviourisme yang menempatkan manusia sebagai makhluk yang sangat rapuh, yang tidak mampu melawan lingkungan, maka al-Qur’an menempatkan manusia sebagai makhluk yang memiliki fitrah, dan manusia tidak bisa tidak tunduk kepada fitrahnya.
posted by : Mubarok institute

Anonymous Anonymous said.. :

inilah yang membedakan manusia dengan makhluk Allah yang lain, manusia diberi akal untuk berpikir..

juga diberisyahwat, dengan akal tersebut manusia memanage agar tidak diperbudak oleh syahwat

10:30 PM  
Blogger Khoirul Huda said.. :

manusia diberi akal untuk mengatur kehidupannya

10:31 PM  
Anonymous Anonymous said.. :

xanax online side effects for xanax 1mg - xanax dosage nih

1:24 PM  
Anonymous Anonymous said.. :

generic xanax 5 panel drug test xanax - drug interactions for xanax

6:48 PM  
Anonymous Anonymous said.. :

generic xanax alprazolam orally disintegrating tablet 0.5mg - order xanax online no prescription canada

12:25 PM  
Anonymous Anonymous said.. :

buy tramadol pet meds tramadol no prescription - can you buy tramadol usa

4:44 PM  
Anonymous Anonymous said.. :

generic xanax xanax xr drug test - xanax generic does look like

2:46 AM  
Anonymous Anonymous said.. :

xanax online xanax 7176 - pictures generic xanax 1mg

5:09 AM  
Anonymous Anonymous said.. :

buy tramadol where to buy tramadol online legal - tramadol buy dogs

5:06 PM  
Anonymous Anonymous said.. :

buy tramadol online tramadol overdose quantity - tramadol no prescription overnight

10:39 AM  
Anonymous Anonymous said.. :

tramadol online overnight tramadol hcl obat apa - tramadol dosage 100 lb dog

1:20 AM  
Anonymous Anonymous said.. :

generic xanax do all xanax pills look like - 4 bar xanax effects

1:36 AM  
Anonymous Anonymous said.. :

buy tramadol online buy tramadol online worldwide - tramadol 50mg side effects in dogs

1:59 AM  
Anonymous Anonymous said.. :

buy tramadol online tramadol street value - tramadol dose to get high

5:54 PM  
Anonymous Anonymous said.. :

buy carisoprodol carisoprodol 350 mg online - carisoprodol images generic

7:47 PM  
Anonymous Anonymous said.. :

xanax online xanax dosage yellow - how much does generic xanax cost at walmart

8:46 AM  
Anonymous Anonymous said.. :

buy carisoprodol carisoprodol drug test - carisoprodol abuse potential withdrawal syndrome

3:37 PM  
Anonymous Anonymous said.. :

buy tramadol online buy tramadol online with cod - buy tramadol online free shipping

6:53 PM  
Anonymous Anonymous said.. :

xanax online xanax effects relationships - xanax withdrawal caffeine

2:19 AM  
Anonymous Anonymous said.. :

buy tramadol online where to buy tramadol over the counter - buy tramadol online overnight shipping

6:39 AM  
Anonymous Anonymous said.. :

buy cialis online cialis online with mastercard - cialis 30 oral suspension

9:49 AM  
Anonymous Anonymous said.. :

cialis online cialis online pharmacy usa - cheap cialis us generic

7:01 PM  
Anonymous Anonymous said.. :

order cialis from canada buy cialis taiwan - buy generic cialis generic cialis

5:56 PM  
Anonymous Anonymous said.. :

buy cialis online buy cialis without doctor prescription usa - buy cialis online with no prescription

7:54 PM  
Anonymous Anonymous said.. :

xanax online prozac xanax and alcohol - xanax no prescription overnight

11:23 PM  
Anonymous Anonymous said.. :

cialis no prescription overnight cialis yan etkileri - buy cialis generic usa

1:07 PM  
Anonymous Anonymous said.. :

xanax online generic xanax gg 249 - drug interactions with xanax and vicodin

5:33 PM  
Anonymous Anonymous said.. :

xanax online recommended dosage xanax xr - xanax effects weight

2:15 AM  
Anonymous Anonymous said.. :

buy cialis online cialis 50mg pills - cialis daily therapy

9:04 PM  
Anonymous Anonymous said.. :

buy tramadol buy tramadol without prescriptions - tramadol 50 mg vs percocet 10mg

9:55 AM  
Anonymous Anonymous said.. :

buy tramadol online tramadol 325 mg high - buy cheap tramadol mastercard

10:04 PM  
Anonymous Anonymous said.. :

learn how to buy tramdadol mail order tramadol - buy tramadol online dogs

2:04 PM  
Anonymous Anonymous said.. :

learn how to buy tramdadol tramadol online saturday delivery - tramadol and ibuprofen

11:42 AM  
Anonymous Anonymous said.. :

http://buytramadolonlinecool.com/#59473 take tramadol high - tramadol withdrawal alcohol

2:01 AM  
Anonymous Anonymous said.. :

http://landvoicelearning.com/#23561 purchase tramadol - tramadol hcl 50mg 627

9:00 AM  
Anonymous Anonymous said.. :

http://landvoicelearning.com/#51438 buy tramadol london - where to buy tramadol over the counter

12:50 AM  
Anonymous Anonymous said.. :

buy tramadol buy 180 tramadol online - tramadol long term use

8:22 PM  
Anonymous Anonymous said.. :

buy tramadol tramadol medication narcotic - tramadol hydrochloride overdose

8:55 AM  
Anonymous Anonymous said.. :

tramadol 100mg tramadol for dogs usa - tramadol withdrawal day 1

10:18 AM  
Anonymous Anonymous said.. :

buy tramadol online order tramadol online without script - tramadol withdrawal nightmares

12:06 AM  
Anonymous Anonymous said.. :

buy tramadol online tramadol 50mg tablets for dogs - tramadol hydrochloride 50mg for dogs side effects

2:47 PM  
Anonymous Anonymous said.. :

http://landvoicelearning.com/#74967 where to buy tramadol online safely - tramadol withdrawal medicine

10:52 PM  
Anonymous Anonymous said.. :

tramadol no prescription order tramadol mastercard - tramadol withdrawal medicine

11:28 PM  
Anonymous Anonymous said.. :

buy ativan online ativan online - lethal dose of ativan

12:23 PM  
Anonymous Anonymous said.. :

learn how to buy tramdadol order tramadol online 100mg - buy tramadol online cod no prescription

1:22 PM  
Anonymous Anonymous said.. :

cheap ativan online ativan overdose fatal - lorazepam 1 mg vs xanax

5:55 PM  
Anonymous Anonymous said.. :

buy ativan online benefits ativan vs xanax - ativan overdose amount much

2:45 AM  
Anonymous Anonymous said.. :

buy tramadol online can you buy tramadol online in usa - buy tramadol overnight delivery

3:22 PM  
Anonymous Anonymous said.. :

buy tramadol online tramadol 50mg strong - buy tramadol no prescription

1:19 PM  
Anonymous Anonymous said.. :

order xanax no prescription generic for xanax - xanax 1mg first time

7:07 PM  
Anonymous Anonymous said.. :

buy tramadol online tramadol hcl doses - tramadol 100mg slow release

6:57 AM  
Anonymous Anonymous said.. :

http://ranchodelastortugas.com/#93851 1 xanax drug test - xanax vs klonopin

6:11 AM  
Anonymous Anonymous said.. :

buy xanax online xanax bars for sale online - difference between xanax generic

8:24 PM  
Anonymous Anonymous said.. :

buying xanax xanax side effects withdrawal - buy xanax online yahoo answers

9:27 AM  
Anonymous Anonymous said.. :

cheap xanax xanax xr 1 mg tablet - xanax drug tests detection periods

1:29 PM  
Anonymous Anonymous said.. :

buy xanax online xanax xr 2mg dose - generic xanax imprint

3:45 AM  
Anonymous Anonymous said.. :

Your own wrіte-up offeгѕ established
beneficial to me. It’s really informative anԁ yοu're simply naturally extremely experienced in this field. You have exposed our face to be able to different thoughts about this kind of matter along with intriquing, notable and solid content.

Here is my blog ... phentermine
Look into my web-site ; buy phentermine

6:03 PM  
Blogger dong dong23 said.. :

celine
adidas shoes
louis vuitton outlet
michael kors purses
nike uk
coach outlet
michael kors outlet
coach outlet
jordan retro 3
kobe bryant shoes
tiffany outlet
toms shoes
kate spade handbags
michael kors outlet
coach factory outlet
mont blanc pens
michael kors outlet
ralph lauren outlet
coach outlet
michael kors outlet
oakley sunglasses
caoch outlet
nike air force
kate spade handbags
toms shoes outlet online
oakley vault
kobe 11
nike air huarache
louis vuitton outlet
adidas originals shoes
ralph lauren outlet
ed hardy clothing
adidas originals
louis vuitton handbags
beats headphones
adidas shoes
michael kors handbags
ray ban sunglasses
coach outlet
michael kors handbags
20165.14wengdongdong

8:25 PM  
Blogger Zheng junxai5 said.. :

zhengjx20160530
coach outlet online
insanity workout
louis vuitton outlet
kate spade outlet
nike uk
nike sb janoski
coach outlet
tory burch outlet online
coach outlet
oakley vault
ray ban outlet
ray ban sunglasses
kate spade handbags
adidas wings
true religion jeans
coach outlet
ralph lauren outlet
coach factory outlet
instyler
coach outlet
christian louboutin sale
hollister jeans
ralph lauren polo
pandora charms
louis vuitton handbags
nike trainers sale
discount jordans
michael kors bags
celine handbags
michael kors outlet online
jordan retro 13
louis vuitton outlet
oakley sunglasses
montblanc pen
nike trainers women
cheap oakley sunglasses
polo ralph lauren outlet
oakley outlet
christian louboutin outlet
louis vuitton outlet stores

11:41 PM  
Blogger Zheng junxai5 said.. :

zhengjx20160701
adidas superstar
nike air max uk
cheap ray ban sunglasses
fitflop shoes
gucci belts
oakley sunglasses
fitflop clearance
cheap toms shoes
louis vuitton handbags
louis vuitton purses
michael kors outlet
michael kors outlet clearance
ghd hair straighteners
replica rolex watches
air jordan homme
air max
nike air huarache
louis vuitton purses
coach outlet store online clearances
celine bags
coach outlet online
michael kors
kobe 10
true religion outlet
coach outlet
air jordan shoes
adidas yeezy
air force 1 trainers
louis vuitton outlet
michael kors outlet clearance
michael kors outlet clearance
coach outlet clearance
pandora charms
copy watches
nike store uk
michael kors outlet clearance
louis vuitton handbags
timberlands
gucci outlet online
louis vuitton purses

2:34 AM  

Post a Comment

Home

My Photo
Name:

Prof. Dr. Achmad Mubarok MA achmad.mubarok@yahoo.com

Only Articles In
Photos of Activities
Best Seller Books by Prof. DR Achmad Mubarok MA
Join Mubarok Institute’s Mailing List
Blog Development By
Consultation


Shoutbox


Mubarok Institute Weblog System
Designed by Kriswantoro
Powered by Blogger